Carrington College has developed an Infographic to help get the word out how easy it is to do bystander CPR.
Performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, commonly referred to as CPR, is a skill that everyone can and should learn. Yet many have only seen CPR performed during a television show or movie and don’t know how to properly apply the life saving technique. Unfortunately, approximately 400,000 of cardiac arrests each year happen outside of hospitals, according to Carrington College. If CPR is performed quickly enough, a life can be saved.
Performing CPR in the proper manner involves much more than merely pressing down on an individual’s chest. If the patient is an older child or an adult, hands only CPR should be performed with the patient placed flat on his back. Kneel down on the ground next to his upper body, press the bottom of one hand directly into the center of the patient’ chest then put your other hand on top and interconnect the fingers. Press down on the chest with significant force. Let the chest lift upwards before pressing down again. Apply compressions over and over in an effort to resuscitate the patient.
Oftentimes, children will need CPR due to choking; in fact, one child dies approximately every five days in the US from choking on food, according to beCPR.org. These young children will require a different type of CPR. This will require you to place the patient with his or her back flat against the floor, but you’ll tilt the child’s head back and open his or her airway by pushing up on the chin. See if the child is breathing. If the child isn’t breathing, exhale directly into his or her mouth two times. While you do this, you should pinch the child’s nose closed.
If you are attempting to rescue an infant, you’ll want to completely seal off the nose. Then blow in again to make the chest rise. Apply 30 chest compressions. Don’t press as deeply on the chests of infants and use two fingers instead of hands. If the patient isn’t resuscitated, blow into his or her mouth once again and apply more chest compressions.